In our modern day, we have the marvel of technology. Computers are one of those technical miracles that have simplified, accelerated, and enhanced our lives. Computers were a revolutionary invention that changed the course of history. Large desktop computers have been phased out in favor of smaller, more portable laptops and smartphones.
Few people inquire as to why these machines operate in the way they do. We’re referring to the operating system or OS for short. A computer cannot work without an operating system. For years, people have questioned which operating system is truly the greatest. We’ll attempt to address this issue in this post by examining our carefully chosen list of the world’s best-operating systems. However, let us first describe what an Operating System is and what it accomplishes.
What is the Precise Definition of an Operating System?
Basically, an OS controls computer hardware and software resources while providing common functions for computer programs. At some point in your life, you’ve probably had a “PC vs. Mac” debate. Everyone appears to have strong opinions, but it’s all about personal preference for operating systems. The majority of people are aware that they enjoy one or the other. Still, they may be unable to articulate what they like about them. They may indicate a preference for a specific command prompt, pre-installed software, the look and feel of the hardware, downloadable apps or systems, or even the pre-installed web browser. However, the majority of users are unaware of an operating system’s capabilities. Users will have an easier time navigating their preferred operating system if they have access to a resource that explains the various processing and interaction elements.
Students (particularly online students), freelancers, contractors, and anyone who owns a phone, computer, or tablet should familiarize themselves with various operating systems to select the device and operating system that best suits their needs. Suppose you want to study information technology in school or work in information technology. You’ll need a strong understanding of operating systems to ensure you have all the necessary abilities.
What Is an Operating System’s Purpose?
Operating systems manage and store all software and hardware on a computer or mobile device. An operating system is responsible for the following tasks:
- Booting refers to the process of turning on and powering up a computer.
- Memory management is a function of the operating system that organizes and manages computer applications while allocating memory.
- Loading and execution: Before a program is executed, your operating system loads it, or starts it up, for it to open and run.
- Security of data and computer programs: A decent operating system safeguards your data and computer applications. Unwanted cyberattackers are kept at bay by security systems.
- Disk management is responsible for managing a computer’s drives, which include hard drives, optical disk drives, and flash drives. Additionally, disk management can be used to partition hard drives, format drives, and conduct other activities.
- Process management refers to how your operating system allocates resources to multiple computer processes, enabling them to collaborate, protect themselves, and synchronize themselves.
- Device control: Using your operating system, you will be able to access and close removable devices, CD/DVDs, data transfer devices, USBs, and other devices.
- Control of printing: As an extension of device control, your operating system supervises the printers attached to the computer, as well as the printed documents.
Five of the Most Widely Used Operating Systems
Operating systems are classified into five categories. Your phone, PC, or other mobile devices, such as a tablet, is almost certainly running one of these five OS types. Whether you are a casual computer and phone user or want to pursue a profession in information technology, knowing application and system types can help you manage security and user access, perform everyday tasks, and more.
Microsoft Windows is a Computer Operating System Developed by the Microsoft Corporation
Since the 1980s, Windows has undergone multiple updates (including Windows 95, Windows Vista, Windows 7/8/10, and so on). Microsoft Windows is a widely used operating system that comes pre-installed on the majority of new computers, just for example Windows server 2019 versions. So, Microsoft continues to improve its users’ experience, hardware, and software with each new Windows update or release, making Windows more accessible and easier to use. Microsoft Windows has a control panel, a desktop and desktop assistant, disk cleanup, and an event viewer. Microsoft Windows is popular among users because of its alleged compatibility with a large number of other apps. Numerous computer programs perform optimally on Microsoft Windows, as Microsoft developed them.
Apple’s macOS competes against Microsoft Windows in the battle. In other words, both macOS and Windows are proprietary operating systems, produced and sold by their respective firms. Businesses produce and sell them, and users cannot edit or modify them. Apple and Macintosh computers use closed-source macOS and OS X operating systems, the first of which was released more than two decades ago. Additional previous versions or upgrades are available, including the following:
- Kodiak is a state in Alaska (OS X 10 Beta)
- The lion possesses (OS X 10.7)
- Mountain Lion is a fictitious character created by the author (OS X 10.8)
- Mavericks are persons who deviate from the norm (OS X 10.9)
- Yosemite National Park (OS X 10.10)
- El Capitan is a film character based on the novel El Capitan (OS X 10.11)
- Sierra Leone (macOS 10.12)
- The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range in the United States (macOS 10.13)
- Desert of Mojave (macOS 10.14)
- Catalina is a fictitious character that appears in the film Catalina (macOS 10.15)
- Big Sur is a renowned tourist destination in California (macOS 11)
Additionally, users are familiar with and appreciate macOS and Apple/Mac products due to their ease of use and continuous user experience enhancement. MacOS is popular with consumers due to its quick processing rates, straightforward desktop interface, and plenty of helpful information. Numerous customers like Apple’s lack of bugs and hackers, as well as the seamless integration of their PCs and mobile phone hardware.
Android is the Operating System Developed by Google
Android smartphones and tablets are powered by a Linux-based operating system and other open-source technologies. It is the operating system that powers Google’s mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. Thus, Android has risen in popularity as a smartphone alternative to Apple’s iOS since its debut. It continues to do so with new upgrades and exciting features.
So, Apple iOS is a mobile operating system developed specifically for iPhones, which are among the most popular smartphones available. Even if clients have older devices, iOS integrations are constantly updated with new software expansions and capabilities. Numerous consumers like iOS’s particular user interface, which incorporates touch motions and is really simple. Other Apple products are compatible with this operating system, enabling users to easily connect to other devices or persons.
Linux is a Free-to-Use Open-Source Operating System
Unlike Windows and Apple, Linux is comprised of open-source operating systems rather than proprietary software. In other words, anyone has the capacity to transform and distribute it. Although Linux is the least well-known option on this list, it is completely free. It comes in a variety of open-source varieties. Linux is popular due to its ease of customization and breadth of options for those who learn how to utilize it. If you are familiar with operating systems and can alter them, Linux is a fantastic choice.
Diverse Operating Systems for Smartphones and Computers
Thus, what is the distinction between mobile operating systems and desktop operating systems? For a variety of reasons, a single method does not function completely for both. Computer and mobile operating systems are not identical due to their intended uses. Computers must be able to store large amounts of data, have a unique user interface, and include capabilities like printing and detachable drives. They consist of a desktop and a control panel that enables users to manage their whole data collection. Computer operating systems are also more established and, as a result, more familiar to the IT sector; they have existed for considerably longer than operating systems-based phones.
Mobile phones do not have a desktop equal to that of a computer. Their user interface is based on simple gestures (fingertips or speech) and is therefore designed to be simpler. Numerous resources are available to assist users in learning how to operate mobile phone systems, which are very different from computer systems. Touch-based services, smartphones, and mobile gadgets are all-pervasive and indispensable components of modern life. All of them require operating systems. Suppose you’re considering a career in information technology. In that case, you’re certainly aware that technology is continually improving and that prospects will be many.
Is it True that Just Five Different Operating Systems Exist?
The information technology sector is largely concerned with the top five operating systems, : Apple macOS, Microsoft Windows, Google’s Android OS, Linux, and Apple iOS. However, this is simply the tip of the iceberg when it comes to operating systems. Apart from Linux, several other operating systems are worth considering, including Chrome OS, Syllable, and ReactOS, originally introduced as a Windows 95 clone.
However, this is true just for personal computers, mobile devices, and tablets. When it comes to server operating systems, the number multiplies exponentially. There are over 63 proprietary operating systems in various versions or updates, and 26 nonproprietary operating systems. As technology progress and newer generations, such as millennials, enter the workforce, the demand for technology in commercial settings will only increase. The younger generations are driving the features and applications available in personal and commercial operating systems. If you’re considering pursuing a degree in information technology, the time to do it is now. A future career in computers or information technology will open up a world of work prospects, industries, and seemingly unlimited opportunities for you.
Exclusive Operating System / Proprietary Operating System
A single corporation planned, created, developed, and marketed a proprietary operating system. Apple’s Mac OS X and Microsoft’s Windows are instances of proprietary operating systems. Proprietary software includes Microsoft Windows, Adobe Flash Player, PlayStation 3 OS, iTunes, Adobe Photoshop, Google Earth, macOS (previously Mac OS X and OS X), Skype, WinRAR, Oracle’s Java, and several Unix versions.
Non- Proprietary Operating System / Not-Privately-Owned Operating System
Thus, nonproprietary software is free of patent or copyright restrictions. Nonproprietary software is free to download and use. It also provides full source code access. These are “free” operating systems because you have access to and can edit the source code. Linux and FreeBSD are outstanding examples of nonproprietary operating systems. The adoption of nonproprietary operating systems can significantly simplify upgrading hardware as new technology becomes available.
In conclusion, a computer’s operating system is the fuel that enables it to run at your leisure. Numerous operating systems make this feasible. Choose the operating system that is most appropriate for your needs and comfort. With this article, you will be guided on what to choose and what’s best for you.
And if you wish to use Windows Operating System, for personal reasons such as gaming and browsing. Surely, you can find it at Microsoft Softvire USA, which offers the greatest prices and the friendliest salespeople.